Nearly all of 4,653 lively Ethereum nodes are within the fingers of centralized internet suppliers like Amazon Internet Companies (AWS), which may “expose Ethereum to central factors of failure,” in line with crypto analytics platform Messari.
A Monday submit shows that three main cloud suppliers account for 69% of hosted nodes on the Ethereum Mainnet, with over 50% of that coming from Amazon Internet Companies (AWS), over 15% from Hetzner and 4.1% from OVH.
Figures from Ethernodes moreover show that Oracle (4.1%), Alibaba (3.9%) and Google (3.5%) additionally present webhosting providers on Ethereum.
Whereas the distribution of cloud service suppliers turns into extra decentralized among the many backside third of suppliers, Messari pressed the priority in a December 2020 report that the high-cost nature of node infrastructure could depart Ethereum weak:
“Excessive prices to run infrastructure make it extra doubtless that nodes would run infrastructure with cloud computing suppliers (i.e AWS) – making Ethereum extra uncovered to central factors of failure.”
Node distribution points skilled by Solana are a lot the identical, with Hetzner taking on 42% of hosted nodes on the Solana community, adopted by OVH (26%) and AWS (3%).
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Moreover, Ethernode knowledge additionally exhibits that nodes are most geographically concentrated in the US (46.4%) and Germany (13.4%), accounting for almost 60% of distributed Ethereum nodes worldwide. As such, authorities intervention from considered one of these two international locations may severely impression Ethereum’s decentralization on the node degree.